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土木在线论坛 \ 环保工程 \ 水处理 \ 罚款百万仍要偷排污水,这些环保企业为何成了环保老赖?

罚款百万仍要偷排污水,这些环保企业为何成了环保老赖?

发布于:2022-01-14 09:36:14 来自:环保工程/水处理 4 75

来源:环保水圈

|

作者:耐盐君

[复制转发]

屡被投诉,却漠视敷衍;

屡被处罚,却照旧排污;

屡被通报,却虚假整改……


最近,小编在整理资料的时候发现, 今年以来,第二轮中央生态环境保护督察通报了75个典型案例,有一半以上案例中点到第一轮督察及“回头看”中已存在的问题,其中不乏一些“老面孔”、“老熟人”。 这些“环保老赖”被一些地方政府纵容庇护,相当于在享受“VIP服务”。



01

一边罚款,一边排污

 

屡被投诉,却漠视敷衍。 一些企业长期排污,群众反映强烈、投诉不断,地方一些部门明知情况,但长期漠视敷衍,甚至称群众举报不实,导致企业有恃无恐、问题愈演愈烈。

 

比如2021年9月,中央第五生态环境保护督察组督察四川发现四川天竹竹资源开发有限公司由于污染防治及环境管理措施不到位,臭气扰民问题突出,长期被周边群众举报。因臭气扰民, 仅2018年以来这家企业被群众投诉高达279次。 当地有关部门先后对四川天竹竹资源开发有限公司下达 现场监察意见书32份、责令改正违法行为通知书9份、行政处罚决定书9份, 要求企业整改存在的问题,但均未得到有效落实。



屡被处罚,却照旧排污。 一些地方部门环保执法偏松偏软,简单以罚代管、一罚了之,纵容企业违法违规行为, 出现“一边罚款、一边排污”现象。

2021年8月,中央第六生态环境保护督察组对中国有色矿业集团有限公司下属大冶有色金属集团控股有限公司进行督察发现,大冶有色公司主体责任落实不到位,环境污染严重,风险隐患突出。在线监测数据显示,2019年以来, 冶炼厂制酸尾气二氧化硫小时浓度均值超过《铜、镍、钴工业污染物排放标准》排放限值达2161次 。2018年以来,大冶有色公司因环境违法被当地有关部门 立案处罚12起,处罚金额达877.6万元。

 

屡被督察,却虚假整改。 一些“环保老赖”在被中央生态环境保护督察组“点名”后,当地有些部门在整改中依然走过场甚至弄虚作假,帮助企业蒙混过关。


从公布的环保督察典型案例中不难发现,各地的一些“环保老赖”,在应付督察、检查,可谓颇有心得。 受到执法处罚,那就花钱了事,过后依旧我行我素;被点名责令整改,那就走个过场,上报情况弄虚作假企图蒙混过关。当处罚难见效果、督察难见落实,屡禁不止的环境污染,势必会导致生态问题愈演愈烈。


 

02

“环保老赖”底气何在

 

在中央重拳治污背景下,这些环保企业企业为何有恃无恐,敢于顶风作案?

首先, 污染大户往往也是纳税大户 ,停产整改,极有可能影响经济指标、拖累财政收入,一些地方投鼠忌器,因而“睁一只眼闭一只眼”。  


几年前,江西晨飞铜业有限公司就因大气污染问题突出被群众举报,但企业所在的金溪县工业园区管委会不仅未制止,反而为企业违法大开方便之门,因为这家企业是当地第一纳税大户。

 

其次是地方政府一罚了之,排污企业花钱了事。 一些地方对排污企业以罚代管,但罚款与企业经济效益相比只是“毛毛雨”,一些排污企业选择花钱了事。


某大型造纸企业在2020年年报中, 公布了三起“超标排污”被罚事件,合计被罚金额520.3万元。 但是查阅相关数据发现,2020年,这家造纸企业营业收入超过300亿元,净利润超过17亿元。


因为个别干部不作为、慢作为、乱作为, 或是把罚款等同于管理,或是以文件落实文件, 这才 让排污企业有了污染空间。


03

对“环保老赖”要紧盯不放

 

从2016年第一轮中央生态环境保护督察到2018年督察“回头看”,再到当前第二轮督察, 中央生态环境保护督察推动了一系列生态环境问题的解决,对破坏生态环境行为形成了有力威慑, 但一些“环保老赖”屡被通报却不彻底整改,影响恶劣,亟须重拳予以整治。

 

一方面, 对“环保老赖”要紧盯不放、一督到底, 借鉴惩戒“老赖”(失信被执行人)的经验,让“环保老赖”寸步难行。

 

目前对企业破坏生态环境行为的处罚金额标准整体仍偏低,对企业的震慑力有限,难以起到让违法企业“长记性”的作用。而提高违法成本,对于屡查屡犯的“环保老赖”要与企业征信等挂钩,限制其享受相关金融、税收、补助等优惠政策,并逐次加重处罚力度,就可倒逼其停止破坏生态环境的违法行为。

 

另一方面, 严格追责问责,将生态环保“党政同责、一岗双责”落到实处, 形成守护生态环境的长效机制。


结语


保护环境, 决不能“说起来重要,喊起来紧要,做起来不要”。 一个环境问题如果现在不解决,将来解决起来难度会更高、代价会更大;一些“环保老赖”倘若屡被通报却不彻底整改,造成的影响会更恶劣、后果会更严重。


事实证明,要想做好污染防治, 就得敢于动真格,不怕得罪人 。必须要让环保违法者付出沉重代价,让失职渎职人员付出沉重代价。多一些刑罚,少一些钱罚;多一些撤职开除,从严从重处理环保违法者, 让环境保护成为不可逾越的带电红线


资料来源:

人民日报评论:治“环保老赖”,别怕得罪人 | 人民锐见; 半月谈: 一罚了之、花钱了事,一些企业何以成“环保老赖”? 今晚报: 治理“环保老赖”需双管齐下;法制日报:群众投诉279次置之不理,四川一家造纸企业缘何任性;

全部回复(4)

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  • liaodong3
    liaodong3 LV11 沙发

    污染大户往往也是纳税大户 ,经济挂帅导致,或许有权利寻租的(不然为何屡禁不止)。

    2022-01-15 19:21:15

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  • nageshijie
    nageshijie LV12 板凳

    必须要让环保违法者付出沉重代价,让失职渎职人员付出沉重代价

    2022-01-15 15:05:15

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  • yj蓝天
    yj蓝天 LV21 地板

    主要还是执法力度不够,什么时候违法成本大于守法成本了,企业自然就守法了,这是市场经济法则。

    2022-01-15 06:22:15

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    wesbbfw LV8 4楼

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    2022-01-14 22:35:14

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